Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.19/1075
Título: Influence of steam heating on the properties of pine (Pinus pinaster) and eucalypt (Eucalyptus globulus) wood
Autor: Esteves, Bruno
Velez Marques, António
Domingos, Idalina
Pereira, Helena
Palavras-chave: Heat treatment
wood modification
Data: 2007
Citação: Esteves, B., Velez Marques, A., Domingos, I., Pereira, H 2007 Influence of steam heating on the properties of pine (Pinus pinaster) and eucalypt (Eucalyptus globulus) wood. Wood Science and Technology.41:193-207. DOI : 10.1007/s00226-006-0099-0.
Resumo: Heat treatment of Pinus pinaster and Eucalyptus globulus woods, two important species in Portugal, was made in the absence of air by steaming, inside an autoclave, for 2 to 12h at 190 ºC to 210ºC. Mass losses increased with treatment time and temperature reaching 7.3% for pine and 14.5% for eucalypt wood. The wood behaviour with moisture was improved. The equilibrium moisture content decreased by 46% for pine and 61% for eucalypt, the dimensional stability increased (maximum anti-shrinking efficiency in the radial direction of 57% and 90% for pine and eucalypt respectively) and the surface wettability was lowered. In relation to mechanical properties, the modulus of elasticity was little affected (maximum decrease of 5% for pine and 15% for eucalypt) but the bending strength was reduced (by 40% at 8% mass loss for pine and 50% at 9% mass loss for eucalypt wood). The variation of properties was related to treatment intensity and mass loss but significant improvements could already be obtained for a 3-4% mass loss without impairing the mechanical resistance. The response of eucalypt was higher than that of pinewood. Heat treatment of eucalypt wood shows an interesting potential to improve the wood quality for solid timber products.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.19/1075
Aparece nas colecções:ESTGV - DEM - Artigos publicados em revista científica

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