Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.19/1316
Título: Comparative study of the composition of pears dried under different methods.
Autor: Loureiro, Andreia
Guiné, Raquel
Lima, Maria João
Ferreira, Dulcienia
Palavras-chave: Pear composition
Data: 2010
Citação: Loureiro A, Guiné R, Lima MJ, Ferreira D. (2010). Comparative study of the composition of pears dried under different methods. Livro de Resumos 2PYCheM: 2nd Portuguese Young Chemists Meeting, p. 37, Universidade de Aveiro.
Resumo: Drying of agricultural products under direct sunlight is the traditional way of preserving many fruits and vegetables. The use of the sun to dry foods has the advantage of being cheap. However there are some disadvantages, such as intensive labor and slowness of the process. Moreover, several factors make solar drying less attractive, such as: climatic conditions, product pollution from dust or from animal contamination, and other types of infestation and microbial or mould contamination in humid environments [1]. In Portugal, pears of the variety S. Bartolomeu (Pyrus communis L.) have been used to produce a traditional product named “pêra passa de Viseu”. These pears are dried at direct open air sun exposure, following a multi-step procedure. However, this procedure does not comply with modern quality standards, and therefore in the last years some investigation around this product and the production method has been carried out to better understand it and establish alternative production techniques [2], [3]. Among these alternatives, a solar stove with forced convection and a solar stove with natural convection were developed. In the present work pears of the variety S. Bartolomeu were dried following the traditional method at direct solar exposure and also inside the two stoves developed. The chemical properties were analyzed and quantified in the pears dried by the 3 systems, having in mind to find out which system allows the obtaining of a product more similar to the traditional pears. From the results obtained is possible to see that the drying carried out inside the solar stoves dos not produce fruits much different than those dried by the traditional method.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.19/1316
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