Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.19/1323
Título: Influence of drying method on the colour of dried pears.
Autor: Carrilha, Fátima
Guiné, Raquel
Lima, Maria João
Ferreira, Dulcienia
Palavras-chave: Pear
Data: 2010
Citação: Carrilha F, Guiné R, Lima MJ, Ferreira D. (2010) Influence of drying method on the colour of dried pears. Livro de Resumos 2PYCheM: 2nd Portuguese Young Chemists Meeting, p. 74, Universidade de Aveiro.
Resumo: Colour is considered a fundamental property of foods, since it has been widely demonstrated that it correlates well with other physical, chemical and sensorial indicators of product quality [1]. In fact, colour plays a major role in the assessment of external quality in food industries and food engineering research. The measure of the standard colour of fruits and vegetables can be done by a wide range of colour spaces. However, the L*a*b* system is suggested as the best colour space for quantification in foods with curved surfaces [2]. Drying is one of the methods used for preserving foods, based on the removal of water to a level that minimizes microbial spoilage and deterioration reactions [3]. Pears of the variety S. Bartolomeu are traditionally dried in Portugal by a direct sun-exposure method. However, because of the disadvantages associated with this procedure, including not guarantying the sanitary quality and safety of the final product, in the past years alternative drying methodologies have been developed, such as solar stoves with natural or forced convection) and drying tunnel. In the present work pears of the variety S. Bartolomeu were dried under different systems and their colour was evaluated using a colorimeter in the L*a*b* mode, as recommended by the Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage (CIE). The objective of this study was to compare the colour of the fruits produced by the different systems to find out which one allows the obtaining of a product as much as possible with the same colour of the traditional pears. From the results obtained was possible to see that the drying carried out in the drying tunnel is the one that differs more from the traditional fruits.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.19/1323
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