Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.19/1367
Título: Analysis of the drying kinetics of chestnuts.
Autor: Guiné, Raquel
Fernandes, Raquel
Palavras-chave: Chestnut
drying kinetics
Data: 2006
Citação: Guiné RPF, Fernandes RMC. (2006) Analysis of the drying kinetics of chestnuts. Journal of Food Engineering, 76, 460-467.
Resumo: Chestnuts are widely produced in Portugal and have an unquestionable economic interest, allowing a multiplicity of potential industrial applications, either in their natural form or after dehydration. In this work the experimental dehydration behaviour of three different varieties of chestnuts (Castanea Sativa) was investigated, and the experiments were carried out under isothermal conditions, using ventilated driers at 70, 80 and 90 ºC. The experimental data obtained for the variations of water content along the drying time was fit to a two-term exponential model with success. The experimental drying rate points were calculated by approximating the derivatives to finite differences, and the drying rate versus moisture content and time curves were fit respectively to a sigmoid function and a first order kinetics, with relatively good results. Moreover, it was possible to conclude that the varieties Longal and Martainha show better drying features than the variety Viana, and thus seem to be more suitable for industrial purposes. The influence of temperature on the drying rates was evidenced, with higher drying temperatures corresponding to faster processes, which represents an advantage when evaluating production costs. Finally, the experimental data was used to predict effective diffusivity according to Fick’s second law equation, assuming that the variation of diffusivity with temperature could be expressed by an Arrhenius type function, and the values of diffusivity obtained ranged from 4.45e-9 to 7.65e-9 m2/s, respectively for chestnuts of the variety Longal at 70 ºC and Viana at 90 ºC.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.19/1367
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