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|Título:||Effects of temperature and dairy cattle excreta characteristics on potential ammonia and greenhouse gas emissions from housing: A laboratory study|
|Citação:||Pereira J., Misselbrook T.H., Chadwick D.R., Coutinho J., Trindade H., 2012. Effects of temperature and dairy cattle excreta characteristics on potential ammonia and greenhouse gas emissions from housing: A laboratory study. Biosystems Engineering 112, 138-150.|
|Resumo:||Dairy cattle housing is a signiﬁcant source of NH3 and GHG emissions to atmosphere. However, the climate, temperature in particular, and the characteristics of the excreta of the housed cattle, may have a strong inﬂuence on the magnitude of such emissions. The objectives were to assess the effects of temperature and excreta characteristics of heifers, dry cows and lactating cows on potential NH3, N2O, CO2 and CH4 emissions. The experiment was conducted using laboratory chambers where constant amounts of urine and faeces were applied to a concrete ﬂoor. Potential NH3 and GHG emissions were measured over 120-h following application at 5, 15, 25 and 35 C. Increasing temperature promoted a signiﬁcant increase in NH3 emissions. At temperatures 15 C, total NH3 emissions accounted for more than 100% of the ureaeN content of the urine for the three dairy cattle types, indicating that other organic N compounds of urine and faeces are an important source of NH3. The cumulative amount of N2O released did not vary signiﬁcantly with temperature and ranged from 1 to 2% of total N deposited. Cumulative CO2 emissions were ca. 14e58% of total C deposited and the cumulative CH4 emissions were signiﬁcantly higher at 25 C than at all other temperatures. It was concluded that increasing temperature from 5 to 35 C signiﬁcantly increased potential NH3, CO2 and CH4 emissions but did not signiﬁcantly inﬂuence N2O emissions. Also, the diet supplied to lactating cows led to signiﬁcantly higher NH3, N2O and CO2 emissions relative to heifers and dry cows|
|Aparece nas colecções:||ESAV - DZERV - Documentos de congressos (comunicações, posters, actas)|
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