Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.19/2314
Título: Effect of pre-treatment on some physical-chemical properties of dried carrots
Autor: Guiné, Raquel
Sério, Susana
Correia, Paula
Barroca, Maria João
Palavras-chave: carrots
pre-treatment
drying
color
texture
Data: 2014
Citação: Guiné RPF, Sério SAI, Correia PMR, Barroca MJ. (2014) Effect of pre-treatment on some physical-chemical properties of dried carrots. Journal of Hygienic Engineering and Design, 6, 187-191
Resumo: Carrot is the most commonly used vegetable for hu- man nutrition and is an excellent source of β-carotene, vitamin A and potassium, and contains cholester- ol-lowering pectin, vitamin C, vitamin B6, thiamine, folic acid, and magnesium. Carrots are highly season- al and abundantly available at particular times of the year. For extending the availability of this root, several preservation processes can be used, but convective drying is one of the most important since it not only extends vegetable shelf life significantly but also diver- sifies the offer of foods for consumers. However, con- vective drying can also give rise to significant chemical changes (non-enzymatic browning, among others), which may affect the quality of the product. Pre-drying treatments of solid food products can be used as a way to augment product quality and to modify the struc- ture of food products so as to improve mass transfer coefficient s i n drying . I n thi s context , assessment s of the physical and chemical properties were made in or- der to investigate the effects of sodium metabisulphite at different concentration/time combinations prior convective drying of carrots. The carrots used in this study were purchased in a lo- cal market, and hand peeled and cut into slices with thickness of 10 mm. Before convective drying at 60 0 C the slices of carrots were submitted to pre-treatments as follows: a) dipping in a water solution of 0.25% of sodium metabisulphite for 60 and 90 min. and 1% of sodium metabisulphite for the same times, at room temperature; b) dipping in an equal mass of plain water for 60 and 90 min. at room temperature (as control sam- ple). Some chemical properties of the fresh and dried samples were evaluated with classical methods, name- ly moisture content, fiber, ashes and sugars (reducing, total and non-reducing sugars). The physical properties evaluated were color and texture. Color was evaluated with a Colorimeter in the CieLab color space and texture was measured Color was evaluated with a Colorimeter in the CieLab color space and texture was measured by texture profile analysis with a texturometer. The main results show that the different combina- tions concentration/time of sodium metabishulphite dipping has a similar effect on the chemical proper- ties of the dried carrots. Furthermore, the dried slices of carrots with and without pre-treatment originat- ed products with similar nutritional characteristics. With respect of color, the total difference of color and browning index was similar to the different solutions of sodium metabishulphite. In addition the browning of the dried carrots was, apparently, independent of the pre-treatment. Similarly, the different combina- tions of pre-treatment had no visible effect on textural parameters and generally the hardness decreased with the pre-treatments. From the obtained results it was concluded that the different concentration/time combinations of sodium metabisulphite solutions had no visible improvement on the quality of the dried carrots.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.19/2314
Aparece nas colecções:ESAV - DIA - Artigos publicados em revista científica

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