Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.19/2687
Título: Dental caries and oral health behaviours in a portuguese sample of adolescents
Autor: Pereira, Carlos
Veiga, Nélio
Chaves, Cláudia
Nelas, Paula
Amaral, Odete
Coelho, Inês
Correia, Ilídio
Ferreira, Paula
Ferreira, Eduardo
Morais, Helena
Ferreira, Manuela
Palavras-chave: dental caries
cárie dentária
oral health
saúde oral
toothbrushing
escovagem
adolescent
adolescente
Portugal
Data: 2013
Editora: Oxford Journals
Citação: Pereira C, Veiga N, Chaves C, Nelas P, Amaral O, Coelho I, Correia I, Ferreira P, Ferreira E, Morais H, Ferreira M. Dental caries and oral health behaviours in a portuguese sample of adolescents [Abstract 147]. Am J Epidemiol. 2013; 177(Suppl 11):37.
Resumo: Background The frequency of toothbrushing, use of dental floss and regular dental appointments are important behaviours to prevent oral diseases. The objective of this study was to determine the mean of decayed/missing/filled in permanent teeth (DMFT index) and assess the oral health behaviours in a sample of adolescents. Participants and methods A sample of 293 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years old, attending a public school in Sátão, Portugal, was enrolled in this cross-sectional study. A self-administered questionnaire with questions about oral health behaviours and socio-economic status was answered by adolescents in the classroom. Clinical examination of oral health status was carried out according to the World Health Organization criteria to determine the prevalence of dental caries and the DMFT index. Results The prevalence of toothbrushing (twice-a-day or more) was 78.2%, more frequent among the female gender (82.9% vs. 72.3%, p=0.02). Four point one percent of adolescents reported daily flossing, more frequent among female gender (48.4% vs. 37.3%, p=0.04). Sixty-two point five percent had a dental appointment once or more times in the previous twelve months and the most frequent reasons referred were: 74.3% for a dental check-up and 26.2% when having a toothache. The DMFT index was 3.26 and the prevalence of dental caries 40.1% associated with gender (male=33.3% vs female=45.5%, p=0.03), parents´ level of education (<4 yrs=27.3%, 4-12 yrs=44.7% and >12 yrs=22.2%, p=0.02) and fear of the dentist (no=37.8% vs yes=54.3%, p=0.05). Conclusions We found a moderate DMFT index and prevalence of dental caries. One forth of adolescents don´t make a annual dental check-up appointment and visit a dentist only when they have toothache. Oral health community programs and primary preventive strategies should be considered in order to reduce a higher level of oral diseases and improve oral health behaviours.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.19/2687
Versão do Editor: http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/177/suppl_11/S1.full.pdf+html
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