Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.19/2734
Título: Determinants of quality-of-life among a portuguese sample of adolescents
Autor: Amaral, Odete
Pereira, Carlos
Veiga, Nélio
Chaves, Cláudia
Baptista, Marco
Nelas, Paula
Ferreira, Manuela
Coelho, Inês
Palavras-chave: quality of life
qualidade de vida
adolescents
adolescentes
risk factors
factores de risco
Portugal
Data: 2013
Editora: Springer
Citação: Amaral O, Pereira C, Veiga N, Chaves C, Baptista M, Nelas P, Ferreira M, Coelho I. Determinants of quality-of-life among a portuguese sample of adolescents. Eur J Epidemiol. 2013;28(Suppl 1):S204.
Resumo: Background: Adolescents’ health has become an increasingly important issue and the perception of their health related quality-of-life (HRQoL) are influenced by socio-demographic factors and lifestyle habits. Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze the determinants of HRQoL in a Portuguese sample of adolescents. Methods: A sample of 309 adolescents (66.9% female gender) aged 11 to 19 years old, attending a public school in Sátão, Portugal, was enrolled in this cross-sectional study. A self-administered questionnaire was used to assess social and demographic variables that included the 12-Item Short Form of Medical Outcomes Study (SF12) to assess HRQoL grouped in physical and mental dimensions (lower scores, better quality-of-life). We used the qui-square test to compare proportions and the Kruskal Wallis test to compare continuous variables. Results: The total scores of HRQoL were associated with depressive symptoms (yes=30.80±2.60 vs. no=33.42±2.97, p<0.01). The total scores of HRQoL were not associated with gender (female=33.58±2.81 vs. 33.39±3.26, p=0.62), neither were the mental dimensions (female=131.35±13.37 vs. 130.42±15.53, p=0.61) and physical dimensions (female=183.89±18.72 vs. 182.59±21.74, p=0.61). Total scores of HRQoL were also not associated with age (11-13yrs= 34.00±3.41; 14-16yrs= 33.59±3.22; 17-20yrs= 33.25±2.60, p=0.27), residence area (rural=33.66±3.01 vs. urban=33.24±2.74, p=0.26); alcohol consumption (yes=33.03±2.68 vs. no=33.76±3.13, p=0.06), coffee consumption (yes=33.15±3.11 vs. no=33.77±2.88, p=0.10); smoking habits (yes=33.01±2.56 vs. no=33.72±3.12, p=0.08); sports practice (yes=33.53±3.17 vs. 33.60±2.60, p=0.84) and insomnia (yes=32.44±2.59 vs. 33.08±2.38, p=0.24). Conclusions: The impairment of quality-of-life in adolescents was not associated with socio-demographic variables, but highly associated with depressive symptomatology.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.19/2734
DOI: 10.1007/s10654-013-9820-0
Versão do Editor: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10654-013-9820-0
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