Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.19/2745
Título: 3D Map and DGPS Validation for a Vineyard Autonomous Navigation System
Autor: Contente, Olga
Aranha, José
Martinho, José
Morgado, José Francisco
Reis, Manuel
Fereira, Paulo
Morais, Raul
Lau, Nuno
Palavras-chave: Instrumentation
Agricultural process
Robotics and automation
Data: 2015
Editora: Springer International Publishing
Resumo: An autonomous DGPS navigation system must use an accurate threedimensional (3D) digital map. However, it is crucial to validate it using data collected in the field. One possible way to validate the map is to employ a vehicle driven by an expert to ensure that the trajectory is plotted within the boundaries of navigation paths. It is essential to take this care, especially when the terrain is very highly uneven and small differences in position may correspond to large vertical deviations. A small navigation error can result in a serious fall, which may damage or even destroy the vehicle. In the Douro Demarcated Region, in northern Portugal, the vineyard is planted on narrow terraces built on steep hills along the winding Douro River. This paper presents the results of a dynamic trajectory survey obtained from a real navigation procedure, carried out by an expert driving an instrumented tractor during the spraying of the vineyard. The results were obtained using a DGPS (accuracy = 2 cm) and compared to an existing Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of the vineyard already created by the authors’ work group, with an average accuracy of 10 cm. The results are shown in a C# developed interface with OpenGL facilities, which enable the viewing of the 3D vineyard details. The results confirm the validation of the methodology previously adopted for map extraction and respective equipment selection. The trajectory of the tractor, including some maneuvers, is drawn within the inner and outer edges of each terrace or path that exists in the vineyard. The interface can also be used as an important tool in path planning to automatically extract the topology of the vineyard and to select the best path to carry out some vineyard tasks.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.19/2745
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-10380-8_59
Aparece nas colecções:ESTGV - DEMGI - Capítulos (ou partes) de Livros

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