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|Título:||Risk factors associated with urinary incontinence in Portugal and the quality of life of affected women|
|Autor:||Amaral, Maria O. P.|
Coutinho, Emília C.
Nelas, Paula A. A. B.
Chaves, Claudia M. B.
Duarte, João C.
Quality of life
Qualidade de vida
Factores de risco
|Citação:||Amaral MOP, Coutinho EC, Nelas PAAB, Chaves CMB, Duarte JC. Risk factors associated with urinary incontinence in Portugal and the quality of life of affected women. Int J Gynecol Obstet. 2015;131:82-6|
|Resumo:||Objective To identify risk factors for urinary incontinence (UI) and assess the quality of life (QoL) of affected women. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted of all women with UI who attended the urology and gynecology services of four hospitals in central Portugal between March and December 2012. Information was obtained from participants using questionnaires assessing sociodemographic, obstetric, gynecologic, and lifestyle variables. Results Among 505 participants, 351 (69.5%) had urgency UI, 107 (21.2%) stress UI, and 47 (9.3%) mixed UI. Stress UI was associated with smoking, alcohol consumption, constipation, gravidity, parity, and vaginal infections (P ≤ 0.02 for all). Urgency UI was associated with age above 50 years, employment, smoking, and sitting for 2 hours or less per day (P ≤ 0.02 for all). Mixed UI was associated with age 50 years or younger, smoking, sitting for 2 hours or less per day, and frequently carrying more than 3 kg in weight (P < 0.001 for all). A negative impact on QoL was reported by 501 (99.2%) women. Compared with younger participants, women older than 50 years presented with more sleep/energy disturbances and performance limitations (P ≤ 0.04 for both). Conclusion UI is associated with several risk factors and has a negative impact on QoL. Appropriate investigation regarding the factors associated with the types of UI should be performed to diminish its impact on QoL.|
|Versão do Editor:||http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0020729215002866|
|Aparece nas colecções:||ESSV - UEMC - Artigos publicados em revista científica (Indexados à ISI)|
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