Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.19/4587
Título: Domestic violence in pregnancy : prevalence and characteristics of the pregnant woman
Autor: Almeida, Fátima Susana Jesus
Coutinho, Emília Carvalho
Duarte, João Carvalho
Chaves, Cláudia Margarida Balula
Nelas, Paula Alexandra Batista
Amaral, Odete Pereira
Parreira, Vitória Castro
Palavras-chave: Determinants
Domestic violence
Pregnancy
Prevalence
Data: Mai-2017
Editora: Wiley
Citação: Almeida, F. S. J., Coutinho, E. C., Duarte, J. C., Chaves, C. M. B., Nelas, P. A. B., Amaral, O. P., & Parreira, V. C. (2017). Domestic violence in pregnancy: Prevalence and characteristics of the pregnant woman. Journal of Clinical Nursing. doi:10.1111/jocn.13756
Resumo: Aims and objectives. To determine the prevalence of domestic violence (physical, psychological or sexual) during pregnancy and to characterise these women. Background. Pregnant women are not immune to domestic violence and therefore may be subject to any form of physical, psychological or sexual violence by partners. Health professionals’ knowledge and awareness are important in the identification and intervention of pregnant women who experience domestic violence. Methods. Quantitative, descriptive, correlational study, using a nonprobabilistic convenience sample consisting of a total of 852 postpartum women, of whom 370 were experiencing domestic violence according to the criteria adopted through the modified scale of prevalence, applied between February–June 2012 in two Portuguese public health institutions. Authorisation was given by the Ethics Committees/Administration Councils of both institutions involved and the National Committee of Data Protection. Results. The prevalence of DV during pregnancy was 43 4% (physical violence – 21 9%; psychological violence – 43 2%; and sexual violence – 19 6%). These women had the following profile: immigrant (OR = 5 70; IC95% 3 32–9 78), non-Caucasian (OR = 6 27; IC95% 3 76–10 46), single/divorced/widowed (OR = 2 28; IC95% 1 70–3 05), academic qualifications up to year 9 (OR = 4 94; IC95% 3 31–7 37); between 10–12 years of schooling (OR = 2 36; IC95% 1 70–3 29); unemployed (OR = 2 01; IC95% 1 50–2 69); and with a monthly income <1000 euros (OR = 1 90; IC95% 1 44–2 50). Through logistic regression, the following protective factors have been identified: nationality (Portuguese), race (Caucasian) and place of residence (city). Conclusions. Almost half of the sample had experienced some form of domestic violence. This is associated with certain sociodemographic factors identified in the study. Psychological violence was the most prevalent during pregnancy.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.19/4587
DOI: doi:10.1111/jocn.13756
ISSN: 1365-2702
Versão do Editor: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jocn.13756/epdf
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